Does DNA polymerase 1 require a primer?
To initiate this reaction, DNA polymerases require a primer with a free 3′-hydroxyl group already base-paired to the template. They cannot start from scratch by adding nucleotides to a free single-stranded DNA template. RNA polymerase, in contrast, can initiate RNA synthesis without a primer (Section 28.1.
Which is the template strand?
The DNA strand that mRNA is built from is called the template strand because it serves as a template for transcription. It is also called the antisense strand. The template strand runs in a 3′ to 5′ direction.
What are DNA templates?
In polymerase chain reaction. The integral component is the template DNA—i.e., the DNA that contains the region to be copied, such as a gene. As little as one DNA molecule can serve as a template.
What is a DNA template strand?
The term template strand refers to the sequence of DNA that is copied during the synthesis of mRNA.
How is the template strand read?
RNA polymerase synthesizes an RNA strand complementary to a template DNA strand. It synthesizes the RNA strand in the 5′ to 3′ direction, while reading the template DNA strand in the 3′ to 5′ direction. The template DNA strand and RNA strand are antiparallel.
What is the template strand in transcription?
In transcription, a region of DNA opens up. One strand, the template strand, serves as a template for synthesis of a complementary RNA transcript. The other strand, the coding strand, is identical to the RNA transcript in sequence, except that it has uracil (U) bases in place of thymine (T) bases.