How does longshore drift occur?

How does longshore drift occur?

Longshore drift is a process of transportation that shifts eroded material along the coastline. Waves approach the coast at an angle. Swash carries sediment up the beach at an angle. Backwash carries sediment down the beach with gravity – at right angles to the beach.

What causes longshore drift quizlet?

A longshore drift is a current moving parallel to the shore in the surf zone, caused by waves breaking at an angle with the shore.

Is longshore drift caused by wind?

The transport of sand and pebbles along the coast is called longshore drift. The prevailing wind (the direction the wind ususally blows from) causes waves to approach the coast at an angle. The swash carries the sand and pebbles up the beach at the same angle (usually 45º).

What is longshore transport quizlet?

Longshore transport moves sediment upcoast or downcoast along the beach. Longshore transport can change direction depending on which direction the waves approach the beach. Longshore transport moves sediment in a zigzag path.

Why do longshore currents occur?

Longshore currents are generated when a “train” of waves reach the coastline and release bursts of energy. The speed at which waves approach the shore depends on sea floor and shoreline features and the depth of the water.

What is longshore sediment transport?

Longshore transport refers to the cumulative movement of beach and nearshore sand parallel to the shore by the combined action of tides, wind, and waves and the shore-parallel currents produced by them.

What causes longshore transport?

What factors affect longshore drift?

The impact of longshore drift sediments on this inlet system is highly influenced by the variation in the number of lagoon entrances and the location of these entrances. Any change in these factors can cause severe down-drift erosion or down-drift accretion of large swash bars.

What does the term longshore drift mean?

Waves that hit the beach at an angle carry sand and gravel up the beach face at an angle. When the water washes back the sediment. is carried straight back down the beach face. Individual particles are moved along the beach in a zig zag pattern. This is called longshore drift.

What is a longshore drift and how does it move particles?

The sediment is again picked up by a wave that is coming in at an angle. So longshore drift moves sediment along the shore. This zig-zag motion can be seen in Figure below. Longshore drift carries particles of sand and rock down a coastline.