What are the adverse effects of glucocorticoids?

What are the adverse effects of glucocorticoids?

Side Effects

  • Weight gain.
  • Feeling very hungry.
  • Water retention or swelling.
  • Mood swings.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Feeling nervous or restless.
  • Trouble sleeping.
  • Muscle weakness.

Why are glucocorticoids used to treat inflammation?

Glucocorticoids can reduce how active immune cells are. This helps reduce the internal damage from these diseases. They suppress inflammation from autoimmune reactions. This can reduce pain, swelling, cramping, and itching.

What adverse effects are associated with chronic use of systemic corticosteroids?

Adverse events associated with long-term systemic corticosteroid use

  • Osteoporosis, fractures and osteonecrosis.
  • Adrenal suppression.
  • Cushingoid appearance and weight gain.
  • Hyperglycemia and diabetes.
  • Cataracts and glaucoma.
  • Cutaneous adverse events.
  • Gastrointestinal events.
  • Cardiovascular disease and dyslipidemia.

What are the symptoms of HPA axis suppression?

These features included presence or absence of anorexia, malaise, nausea, morning headache, poor weight gain, hypoglycemia, abdominal pain, fatigue, weakness, myalgia, growth suppression and subjective clinical impression of suspected HPA axis suppression.

What causes the HPA axis to shut down?

Glucocorticoid fast feedback mechanisms provide a means for rapid shut-off of the HPA axis at the level of CRH neurons. In the PVN, binding of glucocorticoids to its receptor (GR) cause rapid synthesis and release of endocannabinoids (ECs).

Can you be on prednisone for years?

Official Answer. There is no set limit on how long you can safely take prednisone. It depends on the dose of prednisone and the condition being treated. It may be prescribed short term or long term.

Do glucocorticoids suppress immune system?

Furthermore, glucocorticoids interfere with immune cell function and suppress the production and actions of humoral factors involved in the inflammatory process.

What is a most common complication from long term corticosteroid treatment?

Long-term corticosteroid use may be associated with more serious sequel, including osteoporosis, aseptic joint necrosis, adrenal insufficiency, gastrointestinal, hepatic, and ophthalmologic effects, hyperlipidemia, growth suppression, and possible congenital malformations.