What are the steps of translation in eukaryotes?
Eukaryotic translation is the biological process by which messenger RNA is translated into proteins in eukaryotes. It consists of four phases: initiation, elongation, termination, and recycling.
What is the first step of translation?
What are the two main steps of protein synthesis?
Protein synthesis is the process in which cells make proteins. It occurs in two stages: transcription and translation. Transcription is the transfer of genetic instructions in DNA to mRNA in the nucleus.
Why do bacteria need protein synthesis?
Bacteria use proteins for many purposes: structure, as enzymes, or for transport. Protein synthesis takes several steps working together. Antibiotics that prevent protein synthesis are used to cure bacterial infections.
What are the components of protein synthesis?
The components of the protein synthetic ma- chinery involved in the translation of mRNA in- clude the ribosomes, tRNAs, aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases, amino acids, initiation factors, elon- gation factors, and a termination factor.
What is the mechanism of protein synthesis?
The Mechanism of Protein Synthesis. Protein synthesis involves building a peptide chain using tRNAs to add amino acids and mRNA as a blueprint for the specific sequence.