What is a cross-sectional study design example?

What is a cross-sectional study design example?

Another example of a cross-sectional study would be a medical study examining the prevalence of cancer amongst a defined population. The researcher can evaluate people of different ages, ethnicities, geographical locations, and social backgrounds.

What is a cross-sectional descriptive study design?

A cross-sectional design is a type of observational study design that provides data for describing the status of phenomena or relationships among phenomena at a fixed point in time. This can be thought of as a “snapshot” of the frequency and characteristics of a condition in a population at a particular point in time.

What is cross-sectional design in quantitative research?

Cross-sectional studies look at a population at a single point in time, like taking a slice or cross-section of a group, and variables are recorded for each participant.

What is the difference between cross-sectional and descriptive research design?

Cross-sectional studies are observational in nature and are known as descriptive research, not causal or relational, meaning that you can’t use them to determine the cause of something, such as a disease. Researchers record the information that is present in a population, but they do not manipulate variables.

What type of study is the cross-sectional study?

observational study
In medical research, social science, and biology, a cross-sectional study (also known as a cross-sectional analysis, transverse study, prevalence study) is a type of observational study that analyzes data from a population, or a representative subset, at a specific point in time—that is, cross-sectional data.

What is cross-sectional research design PDF?

Cross-sectional study design is a type of observational study design. In a cross-sectional study, the investigator measures the outcome and the exposures in the study participants at the same time.

What level of research is a cross-sectional study?

Cross sectional study designs and case series form the lowest level of the aetiology hierarchy. In the cross sectional design, data concerning each subject is often recorded at one point in time.

What is a cross sectional research design?

Published on May 8, 2020 by Lauren Thomas. Revised on June 5, 2020. A cross-sectional study is a type of research design in which you collect data from many different individuals at a single point in time. In cross-sectional research, you observe variables without influencing them.

What does a cross-sectional study look like?

Here’s an example of what this looks like in practice: Cross-sectional study: a study which assesses a group of people’s attitudes and feelings towards a newly elected president, directly after the election happened.

Can a cross sectional study show cause and effect?

Cross-sectional studies cannot establish a cause-and-effect relationship or analyze behavior over a period of time. To investigate cause and effect, you need to do a longitudinal study or an experimental study. Is this article helpful? You have already voted.