What is andragogical learning theory?

What is andragogical learning theory?

Andragogy, or Adult Learning Theory, is a theory developed by Malcolm Knowles that is based on a self-directed, independent learning method for adults. This theory asserts that learning programs must support the notion that adults are self-driven and take responsibility for decisions.

What are the six principles of andragogy?


  • Need to Know. To adults, it is crucial to know why it is necessary for him to learn something.
  • Experience.
  • Self-concept.
  • Readiness.
  • Problem Orientation.
  • Intrinsic Motivation.

What are the five principles of andragogy?

Malcolm Knowles’ Five Principles of Andragogy

  • The learning is self-directed.
  • The learning is experiential and utilizes background knowledge.
  • The learning is relevant to current roles.
  • The instruction is problem-centered.
  • The students are motivated to learn.

What is the importance of andragogy to the students?

Just as pedagogy deals with the approach to learning as related to children, andragogy seeks to understand the effects of education on adult individuals and how teaching can be optimized for the specific needs of this age group.

What is andragogy and examples?

Typically, andragogy means the understanding of the science and practice of adult learning. This contrasts to pedagogy, which is the understanding of the science and practice of children learning. Andra = adult. Peda = child.

Why is andragogy important in teaching adults?

Just a refresher, andragogy refers to the principles and concepts behind the learning of adults, and it’s also often called the Adult Learning Theory. This is key to creating meaningful learning experiences that eventually improves the experience of employees in today’s digital learning era.

What are the 4 principles of andragogy?

Andragogy makes the following assumptions about the design of learning: (1) Adults need to know why they need to learn something (2) Adults need to learn experientially, (3) Adults approach learning as problem-solving, and (4) Adults learn best when the topic is of immediate value.

How important is andragogy in education?

Applying andragogy in L&D can make your learners make more sense of the direction of their own learning depending on their own needs and goals. Putting andragogy in training and development in mind, you can promote more learning independence for your employees.

Is andragogy still a recognized and relevant theory?

many parallels with psychology. These parallels need to be narrowed down in order to discern which theory is relevant. Because andragogy is concerned about learning, cognitive psychology is a relevant field. Given that the context of andragogy is the relationship between a learner and an educator, social psychological theories are relevant.

What is andragogy and who needs to know?

Summary: Andragogy refers to a theory of adult learning that details some of the ways in which adults learn differently than children. For example, adults tend to be more self-directed, internally motivated, and ready to learn. Teachers can draw on concepts of andragogy to increase the effectiveness of their adult education classes.

What does andragogy mean?

Andragogy, pronounced an-druh-goh-jee, or -goj-ee, is the process of helping adults learn. The word comes from the Greek andr, meaning man, and agogus, meaning leader. While pedagogy refers to the teaching of children, where the teacher is the focal point, andragogy shifts the focus from the teacher to the learner.

How is andragogy different from pedagogy?

• Pedagogy is dependent upon the style of the instructor while andragogy is an independent learning style. • Pedagogy has predetermined objectives that are fixed while objectives in andragogy are flexible. • Pedagogy believes that students are incapable of contributing as they are inexperienced while andragogy believes that learners are capable of making a contribution.