What is the structure of a carbohydrate monomer?
If the carbohydrate is made up of a single-sugar monomer, it is called a monosaccharide–mono meaning one, and sacchar meaning sugar. Each of these are made up of chains of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in the (CH2O)n ratio, but they differ by “n”.
What is the basic structure of carbohydrates?
Carbohydrates consist of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. The general empirical structure for carbohydrates is (CH2O)n. They are organic compounds organized in the form of aldehydes or ketones with multiple hydroxyl groups coming off the carbon chain.
What is the structure of a carbohydrate polymer?
Carbohydrates are molecules that are made of two or more simple sugars. They are polymers made of a ratio of 1 carbon, 2 hydrogen, and 1 oxygen atom. They are the main source of energy for most living things.
What is the basic structure of monosaccharides?
Monosaccharide Structure All monosaccharides have the same general formula of (CH2O)n, which designates a central carbon molecule bonded to two hydrogens and one oxygen. The oxygen will also bond to a hydrogen, creating a hydroxyl group.
What are the 3 monomers of carbohydrates?
Three of the most important monosaccharides are three sugars known as glucose, fructose, and galactose. Each of these monosaccharides at the same chemical formula: C6H12O6.
Is a carbohydrate a monomer or polymer?
A large molecule made of repeating subunits (monomers). For example, a carbohydrate is a polymer that is made of repeating monosaccharides.
What is an example of carbohydrate monomer?
Monosaccharides are the monomers that make up carbohydrates. Glucose is an example of a monosaccharide. Glycerol and fatty acids are the monomers that make up lipids.
What is the basic structure of polysaccharides?
The general chemical formula for a polysaccharide is Cx(H2O)y. Most polysaccharides consist of six-carbon monosaccharides, resulting in a formula of (C6H10O5)n. Polysaccharides may be linear or branched. Linear polysaccharides can form rigid polymers, such as cellulose in trees.
What is the basic structure and function of disaccharides?
Disaccharides are those carbohydrates that on hydrolysis with acids or enzymes give two molecules of monosaccharides which can either be the same or different. The oxide linkage is formed after the loss of the water molecule and then the two monosaccharides are formed by that linkage.