What structures does the popliteal space contain?
These include the two terminal branches of the sciatic nerve, the popliteal vessels and short saphenous vein. Several muscles of the thigh and leg form the boundaries of the popliteal fossa. They include the semimembranosus, semitendinosus, biceps femoris, gastrocnemius and popliteus muscles.
How do you remember the contents of popliteal fossa?
You can use the mnemonic SAVNB (Serve And Volley Next Ball) to remember the popliteal fossa anatomy medial-to-lateral in arrangement. Semimembranosus, Artery, Vein, Nerve, Biceps femoris. Damage to this area from trauma can result in swelling known as a popliteal aneurysm.
What is a popliteal surface?
The popliteal fossa (sometimes referred to as hough, or kneepit in analogy to the cubital fossa) is a shallow depression located at the back of the knee joint.
How do you assess popliteus?
To test the popliteus, the patient can be placed on his back on the table with the knee in a 90 degree flexion and the foot in dorsiflexion. To test the popliteus, the therapist then has to going push the foot and underleg externally while the patient has to maintain his position.
What is popliteal surface of femur?
The popliteal surface is located on the caudodistal part of body of femur: it is smooth triangular area bounded laterally by the continuation of the medial and lateral lips of facies aspera, and distally by the intercondylar line.
Which muscle makes up the floor of the popliteal space?
The floor of the popliteal fossa is formed by the posterior surface of the knee joint capsule, popliteus muscle and posterior femur. The roof is made of up two layers: popliteal fascia and skin. The popliteal fascia is continuous with the fascia lata of the leg.
Which of the following is a content of popliteal fossa?
Content. The major content of the Popliteal fossa are: The Popliteal Artery; This is the deepest of the neurovascular structures in the Popliteal fossa. It is a continuation of the Femoral artery and appears on the upper medial side under the margin of the Semimembranosus muscle.
Where is the popliteal vein located?
The popliteal vein is found within the popliteal fossa. The popliteal fossa is defined by the biceps femoris proximolaterally; the semimembranosus and semitendinosus muscles proximomedially; and gastrocnemius distally. The tibial nerve, popliteal vein, and popliteal artery are all found within the fossa.
Where is popliteal pulse located?
The popliteal pulse is named after your popliteal artery. This is an important blood vessel that carries blood down through your leg to your feet. So the location of your popliteal pulse is behind your knee. This keeps the artery out of the way of the bones and tendons in the soft tissue.
Where is the popliteal space?
The Popliteal Fossa is a diamond-shaped space behind the knee joint. It is formed between the muscles in the posterior compartments of the thigh and leg. This anatomical landmark is the major route by which structures pass between the thigh and leg.
What does popliteal muscle do?
Function. The popliteus muscle assists in knee flexion and its function is decided according to the position of the lower extremity, i.e. weight-bearing or non weight-bearing, as it is a primary internal rotator of the tibia in a non weight-bearing position.
What is popliteal vein?
The popliteal vein is located at the posterior, or back, of the knee. It is responsible for the majority of the lower legs’ venous return. 1 It is sometimes called the femoropopliteal vein.
What are the essential contents of first aid box?
Essential content of the first aid box and their uses. Some triangular bandages to several safety pins for making a sling or emergency bandage. Sterile dressings (field dressings) of various sizes for covering wounds. Sterile eye dressings with bandage attached for eye injuries. Aspirin or paracetamol preferably sealed in foil to give longer life.
What is the popliteal fossa and where is it?
The popliteal fossa is a diamond-shaped area at the back of the knee, which you might think of as the “pit” of your knee.
What is the best treatment for a popliteus injury?
Treatment of popliteus injuries. A full rehabilitation program to strengthen both the quadriceps and the hamstrings should be undertaken. A doctor may prescribe NSAID’s or anti-inflammatories such as ibuprofen if necessary and for persistent or severe cases a corticosteroid injection may be used if the above treatment fails.
What is the function of the popliteal vein?
Specifically, the popliteal vein provides venous return for the gastrocnemius muscle. 6 The gastrocnemius is the large, two-headed muscle on your calf that helps you move your leg back as you walk. Blood is returned to the heart through a series of veno-muscular pumps.