What type of hernia is a Morgagni hernia?

What type of hernia is a Morgagni hernia?

Background. Morgagni hernia is a rare form of congenital diaphragmatic hernia with a prevalence of 2–3%. It occurs due to a defect on the anterior part of the diaphragm, which allows abdominal organs to penetrate into the thoracic cavity.

What are the symptoms of a Morgagni hernia?

Hernia of Morgagni is the most rare of the four types of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (2%–3% of all cases). In adults, it commonly presents with non-specific symptoms—for example, excess flatulence and indigestion. In severe cases, it might present with symptoms of bowel obstruction or strangulation.

What causes a Morgagni hernia?

Morgagni hernia is a congenital defect that usually presents in adulthood. The congenital weakness in the diaphragm is usually small; as the patient becomes older, the defect enlarges secondary to increased intra-abdominal pressure. It is generally asymptomatic [4].

What is a morgagni hernia repair?

Morgagni hernias are rare congenital diaphragmatic defects that can lead to bowel obstruction and incarceration if not repaired. Surgery can be performed through either an open incision or minimally invasive techniques through the chest or the abdomen.

Is morgagni hernia A hiatal hernia?

Introduction. Morgagni hernia is rare clinical entity accounting for 3% of all surgically treated diaphragmatic hernias. Similarly, paraesophageal hernia constitutes only 5% of all hiatal hernia. The co-existing of these two hernias is extremely rare with only 10 cases reported in the literature.

Can morgagni hernia cause shortness of breath?

Most cases are asymptomatic. In symptomatic cases, the most common presenting symptoms are cough and shortness of breath.

How is a diaphragmatic hernia treated?

Treatment. A diaphragmatic hernia repair requires surgery. Surgery is done to place the abdominal organs into the proper position and repair the opening in the diaphragm. The infant will need breathing support during the recovery period.

Can morgagni hernia be acquired?

Acquired anterior diaphragmatic hernia (ADH) is usually the result of thoracic trauma. Acquired Morgagni-type anterior diaphragmatic hernia is a rare complication after cardiac surgery, especially with associated pericardial hernia.

Can hiatal hernia cause shortness of breath when lying down?

Hiatal hernia is an infrequent but serious cause of dyspnea. We report a case of acute dyspnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea secondary to hiatal hernia and epicardial fat pad.

What is a Morgagni hernia?

A Morgagni hernia is one of four types of diaphragmatic hernias; the other types include a Bochdalek hernia, where the defect is posterolateral, a hiatal hernia, where the defect is at the esophageal hiatus, and a paraesophageal hernia, where the defect is located adjacent to the esophageal hiatus.[1] 

What is the difference between Bochdalek and Morgagni hernia?

Morgagni hernias (alternative plural: herniae) are one of the congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDHs) and are characterized by herniation through the foramen of Morgagni. When compared to Bochdalek hernias, Morgagni hernias tend to be:

What is the differential diagnosis for Morgagni hernia?

cardiophrenic angle lesions: the main differential diagnosis for Morgagni hernia is a cardiophrenic fat pad. It appears radiolucent compared with other lesions not containing fat 

Can a hernia mimic diaphragmatic rupture from trauma?

Morgagni hernia may rarely mimic diaphragmatic rupture from trauma, but you would expect to find other supportive signs of chest and/or abdominal trauma. Also diaphragm rupture is most commonly posterior and posterolaterally, rather than anteriorly where Morgagni’s foramina are located.