What is Indian education Act 1835?

What is Indian education Act 1835?

The English Education Act 1835 was a legislative Act of the Council of India, gave effect to a decision in 1835 by Lord William Bentinck, then Governor-General of the British East India Company, to reallocate funds it was required by the British Parliament to spend on education and literature in India.

What was the Macaulay’s Minute of 1835?

On 2 February 1835, British historian and politician Thomas Babington Macaulay presented his ‘Minute on Indian Education’ that sought to establish the need to impart English education to Indian ‘natives’. This minute is a very important document for UPSC history.

What is the significance of the Macaulay’s Minute 1835 on Indian education?

On February 2, 1835, British politician Thomas Babington Macaulay circulated Minute on Education, a treatise that offered definitive reasons for why the East India Company and the British government should spend money on the provision of English language education, as well as the promotion of European learning.

Who introduced education Act in 1835?

William Bentinck, the then governor general of India, came up with a one-line approval of this minute in the parliament and got the English Education Act 1835 passed.

What is Macaulay education policy?

Ultimately Macaulay in his Minutes of 1835 instituted an education policy in support of the British Raj which denigrated Indian languages and knowledge, established the hegemonic influence of English as medium of colonial ‘instruction’ (not education) in order to “form a class who may be interpreters between us and the …

What is Macaulay education system?

The term is derived from the name of British politician Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800–1859), who served on the Governor-General’s Council and was instrumental in making English the medium of instruction for higher education in India.

What is the main objectives of Macaulay’s minute?

The first objective was to form a class of interpreters between the British rulers and the millions of Indians they governed. The second objective was to create a class of persons, Indians in blood and colour but British in taste, opinion, morals, and intellect.

What is meant by Macaulay’s minute?

THOMAS Babington Macaulay’s “Minute on Education,” written in 1835 for Lord William Bentinck, governor general of British India, was the decisive and final piece in a long series of propaganda articles written over a period of more than half a century in the formation of British educational policy in India.

Who made Indian education system?

The modern school system was brought to India, originally by Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay, in the 1830s. “Modern” subjects like science and mathematics took precedence, and metaphysics and philosophy were deemed unnecessary.

Why is 1835 an important year when it comes to English language history in India?

On this day in 1835, Lord Macaulay successfully westernised education in India; English was made the official language for the government and courts, and was adopted as the official medium of instruction.

Who is the first teacher in India?

Savitribai Phule (3 January 1831 – 10 March 1897) was an Indian social reformer, educationalist, and poet from Maharashtra.