What is personal data under data protection?

What is personal data under data protection?

Only if a processing of data concerns personal data, the General Data Protection Regulation applies. The term is defined in Art. 4 (1). Personal data are any information which are related to an identified or identifiable natural person.

What is personal data is defined as?

According to the law, personal data means any information relating to an identified or identifiable individual; an identifiable person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identification number (e.g. social security number) or one or more factors specific to his …

What are the definitions of personal data and sensitive personal data?

The definition of personal data is modified and simplified, and the definition of sensitive personal data is retained and extended to cover genetic data and biometric data. While remaining largely the same, there are some changes to the conditions for processing personal data and sensitive personal data.

Which of these data types may be personal data?

It can be a cookie (one of many forms of online identifiers), a name, an email address, a biometric element (facial recognition, fingerprint) used for identity verification, a person’s location, occupation, gender, a physical factor, a health-related data element, the mentioned IoT-related identifiers, indeed anything.

What is the legal definition of personal information?

Also known as personally-identifiable information (PII) and personal data. Broadly, the term refers to information that can be used to identify, locate, or contact an individual, alone or when combined with other personal or identifying information.

How do you classify personal data?

Data is classified according to its sensitivity level—high, medium, or low. High sensitivity data—if compromised or destroyed in an unauthorized transaction, would have a catastrophic impact on the organization or individuals. For example, financial records, intellectual property, authentication data.

Is a phone number personal data?

Personal data includes an identifier like: your name. an identification number, for example your National Insurance or passport number. your location data, for example your home address or mobile phone GPS data.

What are the types of personal data as defined under GDPR?

Special categories of Personal Data in GDPR

  • racial or ethnic origin,
  • political opinions,
  • religious or philosophical beliefs,
  • trade union membership,
  • genetic data, biometric data,
  • health data,
  • sex life and sexual orientation.

What is the Personal Data Protection Act means for individuals?

This standard applies to: Any person who processes; and Any person who has control over or authorizes the processing of, any personal data in respect of commercial transactions. It’s a minimum standard which comprises of three personal data protection principles, namely security, retention and data integrity.

What are the principles of the Data Protection Act?

Data protection act 1984 protects an individual from unauthorized use and disclosure of personal information stored on computer. It consists of the following eight principles: The information in personal data shall be obtained and processed fairly and lawfully. Personal data shall be held only for the specified and lawful purposes.

What is the protection of Personal Information Act?

the South African Protection of Personal Information Act which includes name, address, telephone number, an identifying number and biometric information, among others. This definition also qualifies opinions expressed about an identifiable person as

How do you protect personal data?

Lock your credit with all three credit bureaus. One of the first things you should do is put a freeze on your credit.

  • Use a credit monitoring service.
  • Sign up for identity-theft monitoring.
  • Store your logins with a password manager.
  • Don’t wait to protect your personal data.