What is RA 10353 all about?

What is RA 10353 all about?

Summary: R.A. 10353 is also known as the “Anti-Enforced or Involuntary Disappearance Act of 2012.″ It is the official legislation that was passed by the Filipino government to address the issue of enforced disappearances. It has also been abridged for students.

Which human rights do Enforced Disappearances violate?

Which human rights do enforced disappearances violate? right to life (if the disappeared person is killed or their fate is unknown).

Is forced disappearance a violation of human rights?

Enforced disappearance in international law Enforced disappearance is a serious violation of human rights. Systematically perpetrated against civilians, it is considered a crime against humanity.

Under what condition would the Convention no longer be enforced?

No exceptional circumstances whatsoever, whether a state of war or a threat of war, internal political instability or any other public emergency, may be invoked as a justification for enforced disappearance.

What is Republic No 9851?


What is Republic Act 7309?

7309, the law that created the Board of Claims (BOC) for victims of unjust imprisonment or detention and victims of violent crimes. “The DOJ will give its full support for the amendment of RA 7309 to increase the amount of compensation,” Guevarra said.

What legal obligations does the UN Convention on Enforced Disappearances impose on the States Parties who ratify it?

Each State Party shall ensure in its legal system that the victims of enforced disappearance have the right to obtain reparation and prompt, fair and adequate compensation.

What causes enforced disappearance?

In international human rights law, an enforced disappearance occurs when a person is abducted or imprisoned by state agents or by a third party with the authorization, support or acquiescence of the state, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the person’s fate and whereabouts, which place the victim outside the …

What is enforced or involuntary disappearance of persons?

In international human rights law, an enforced disappearance occurs when a person is secretly abducted by a state, political organization, or by a third party. In the Philippines, around 2,300 people remain missing since the 1970’s, according to the Asian Federation Against Involuntary Disappearance (AFAD).

What international convention exists to protect the citizens?

The Geneva Conventions The Conventions and Protocols specifically protect people who are not taking part in the hostilities, such as civilians, health workers and aid workers, and those who are no longer participating in the hostilities, like wounded, sick and shipwrecked soldiers, and prisoners of war.

How many cases of enforced disappearances are there in the Philippines?

MANILA, Philippines — The Philippines has asked the United Nations to delist over 600 cases of enforced and involuntary disappearances mainly attributed to government forces between 1975 and 2012.

What are enforced disappearances and why do they matter?

Enforced disappearances came to the world’s attention during the 1970s and 1980s, when Latin American military dictatorships used them on a wide scale to dispose of opponents and spread terror in the population. They are now more frequent than ever and affect each region of the world, particularly – but not only – during internal conflicts.

Who are the victims of Enforced Disappearances?

People who are victims of enforced disappearance vanish without trace after being arrested, detained, or abducted – from the street, from their homes, from their place of work. The perpetrators are usually State agents or others acting with State complicity, but they can also be non-State armed groups.

Is enforced disappearance a form of torture?

The United Nations Committee Against Torture (CAT) has ruled that enforced disappearance constitutes in itself a form of torture, and repeatedly stressed the right to know the truth, as well as the right to redress and reparation for victims and their families.