What is the Claisen-Schmidt reaction used for?

What is the Claisen-Schmidt reaction used for?

The Claisen-Schmidt reaction (crossed-aldol reaction) is a condensation reaction of aldehydes and carbonyl compounds leading to β-hydroxycarbonyl compounds and it has played an important role in synthetic organic chemistry [1,2,3,4,5,6].

Which product is formed through Claisen-Schmidt reaction?

In a fashion similar to the aldol reaction, one ester acts as a Claisen enolate donor (nucleophile) while a second ester acts as the Claisen acceptor (electrophile). During the reaction a new carbon-carbon is formed to produce a β-keto ester product.

What is the first step in the Claisen-Schmidt condensation mechanism?

The first step here is to identify the limiting reagent. Compound (A) is the limiting reagent here, which means that 19.7 mmol of compound (C) should be formed in the reaction if the reaction would run in 100% yield. Since the yield is only 90%, the yield is 17.7 mmol or 3.34 g.

What does the term Claisen-Schmidt condensation mean?

In organic chemistry, the Claisen–Schmidt condensation is the reaction between an aldehyde or ketone having an α-hydrogen with an aromatic carbonyl compound lacking an α-hydrogen.

Which base is commonly used in Claisen condensation reaction?

The base of choice in Claisen condensation is the alkoxide ion corresponding to the alkoxy group in the ester.

What is Claisen condensation with example?

The Claisen condensation is a carbon–carbon bond forming reaction that occurs between two esters or one ester and another carbonyl compound in the presence of a strong base, resulting in a β-keto ester or a β-diketone. It is named after Rainer Ludwig Claisen, who first published his work on the reaction in 1887.

What does the term claisen-Schmidt condensation mean?

What compounds can undergo Claisen condensation?

Only those esters that contain alpha-hydrogen can undergo Claisen Condensation reaction.

What is Claisen rearrangement reaction?

Claisen rearrangement is an organic chemical reaction that offers a powerful method in the formation of carbon-carbon bonds. The reactant of this reaction – allyl vinyl ether, is converted into a gamma, delta-unsaturated carbonyl compound when subjected to heat or a Lewis acid.

What does the term claisen-Schmidt condensation mean quizlet?

“Claisen-Schmidt condensation” a type of crossed aldol condensations in which one of the carbonyl compounds is non-enolizable produces a clean single condensation product. Between enolizable carbonyl compound (pinacolone- ketone)and aromatic aldehyde (piperonal).

What is an intramolecular Claisen reaction called?

Intramolecular Claisen condensation (or Dieckmann condensation) is a reaction in which an ester is deprotonated at the alpha carbon, generating an enolate, which undergoes an intramolecular nucleophilic attack, yielding a cyclic enol. The enol is protonated with an acid to re-form the beta-keto ester. An enol is a compound with a.

What is an example of condensation reaction?

What is an example of a condensation reaction? Let’s use the condensation of galactose and glucose as an example. Glucose and galactose are both simple sugars – monosaccharides. The result of their condensation reaction is lactose.

What is Claisen Schmidt reaction?

What is the Claisen-Schmidt condensation reaction? The Claisen-Schmidt condensation reaction is an organic reaction in which a ketone or an aldehyde holding an α-hydrogen reacts with an aromatic carbonyl compound which does not have any α-hydrogens. This reaction is named after the chemists J.G. Schmidt and Rainer Ludwig Claisen.

What is the purpose of condensation and hydrolysis reactions?

Salts. A common kind of hydrolysis occurs when a salt of a weak acid or weak base (or both) is dissolved in water.

  • Esters and amides. Acid–base-catalysed hydrolyses are very common; one example is the hydrolysis of amides or esters.
  • ATP. Hydrolysis is related to energy metabolism and storage.
  • Polysaccharides.
  • Metal aqua ions.