What is the function of the enzyme DNA polymerase?
DNA polymerase (DNAP) is a type of enzyme that is responsible for forming new copies of DNA, in the form of nucleic acid molecules.
What is the enzyme that reads DNA?
What are the three basic building blocks of DNA?
DNA is made of chemical building blocks called nucleotides. These building blocks are made of three parts: a phosphate group, a sugar group and one of four types of nitrogen bases. To form a strand of DNA, nucleotides are linked into chains, with the phosphate and sugar groups alternating.
What are the 4 building blocks of DNA?
DNA is a molecule made up of four chemical bases: adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T).
What are the four basic building blocks of DNA?
Each strand of DNA is made of four types of molecules, also called bases, attached to a sugar-phosphate backbone. The four bases are adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T). The bases pair in a specific way across the two strands of the helix: adenine pairs with thymine, and cytosine pairs with guanine.
What are the basic building blocks of life?
As indivisible units of life, the cells of all organisms consist of four fundamental macromolecular components: nucleic acids (including DNA and RNA), proteins, lipids and glycans. From the construction, modification and interaction of these components, the cell develops and functions.
What are the 5 building blocks of life?
Common elemental building blocks of biological molecules: Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen and Phosphorus.
What is the most basic building block of matter?
Scientists once thought the most fundamental building block of matter was a particle called the atom. Now we know that the atom is made of many smaller pieces, known as subatomic particles. Every atom contains a central core called the nucleus, made of particles called protons and neutrons.