What is the purpose of sodium hypochlorite?

What is the purpose of sodium hypochlorite?

Sodium hypochlorite, commonly known as bleach, is most frequently used as a disinfecting agent. It is a broad-spectrum disinfectant that is effective for the disinfection of viruses, bacteria, fungi, and mycobacterium.

What is the use of calcium hypochlorite?

Calcium hypochlorite is commonly used to sanitize public swimming pools and disinfect drinking water. Generally the commercial substances are sold with a purity of 65% to 73% with other chemicals present, such as calcium chloride and calcium carbonate, resulting from the manufacturing process.

Is calcium hypochlorite the same as bleach?

Sodium and calcium hypochlorite are used primarily as bleaching agents or disinfectants. They are components of commercial bleaches, cleaning solutions, and disinfectants for drinking water and waste water purification systems and swimming pools.

Is hypochlorite the same as chlorine?

Chlorine is a gas at room temperature which has the chemical formula Cl2 whereas sodium hypochlorite is an inorganic compound having the chemical formula NaOCl. This is the fundamental difference between chlorine and sodium hypochlorite. Both these are important as bleaching agents, disinfectants, etc.

What happens when sodium hypochlorite is added to water?

When sodium hypochlorite is added to water, it forms an OCl- (hypochlorite) ion that is called free chlorine. This ion should not be confused with chlorine gas. Free chlorine is what most municipal water treatment facilities use for disinfection.

What happens when calcium hypochlorite is mixed with water?

Calcium hypochlorite has the molecular formula of Ca(ClO)2 and a molecular weight of 142.974 g/mol. Its CAS number is 7778-54-3. Its specific gravity is 1.21 g/cm3. When dissolved in water, it can provide nascent chlorine and oxygen to sterilize pool water or industrial wastewater.

How long does calcium hypochlorite last?

Calcium Hypochlorite is only a few bucks and you can find it at swimming pool supply stores such as Deep Blue Pools and Spas . This is also referred to as pool shock. Keep in mind that when the granular calcium hypochlorite is made into the liquid chlorine solution it does have a shelf life of about 24 months.

Is calcium hypochlorite safe for humans?

Sodium and calcium hypochlorite can cause irritation of the eyes, skin, respiratory and gastrointestinal tract. Exposure to high levels can result in severe corrosive damage to the eyes, skin, respiratory and gastrointestinal tissues and can be fatal.

How do you mix sodium hypochlorite and water?

Sodium hypochlorite: concentration and use: Recommended dilution 1:100 dilution of 5% sodium hypochlorite is the usual recommendation. Use 1 part bleach to 99 parts cold tap water (1:100 dilution) for disinfection of surfaces.