What is the template that is read during transcription?
DNA is double-stranded, but only one strand serves as a template for transcription at any given time. This template strand is called the noncoding strand. The nontemplate strand is referred to as the coding strand because its sequence will be the same as that of the new RNA molecule.
What are the 4 steps in transcription?
Transcription involves four steps:Initiation. The DNA molecule unwinds and separates to form a small open complex. Elongation. RNA polymerase moves along the template strand, synthesising an mRNA molecule. Termination. In prokaryotes there are two ways in which transcription is terminated. Processing.
What is transcription and where does it take place quizlet?
Where does the transcription process occur? Transcription occurs in the nucleus. What is mRNA? mRNA, or Messenger RNA, is the copy of the DNA that transfers the information from the nucleus to the ribosomes.
What is the second step of protein synthesis?
What information is translated in the process of protein synthesis?
mRNA is used to synthesize proteins by the process of translation. The genetic code is the correspondence between the three-nucleotide mRNA codon and an amino acid. The genetic code is “translated” by the tRNA molecules, which associate a specific codon with a specific amino acid.