Which does Rousseau think is the best form of aristocracy?
(2) Elective aristocracy, which Rousseau considers the best kind of aristocracy, where those with power or riches, or those who are best suited to govern, are placed in charge. As long as the magistrates can be trusted to govern justly, Rousseau believes that aristocracy is an excellent form of government.
How are Rousseau and John Locke theories similar?
John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau both believed in the natural goodness of human beings and, therefore, in more tolerant, democratic systems of government. Both thinkers advocated for governments that worked for the people rather than for monarchs or despots.
What does Rousseau mean by forced to be free?
“Whoever refuses to obey the general will will be forced to do so by the entire body; this means merely that he will be forced to be free.” Thus, the occasion may arise when the general will differs from private will.
What problem is Rousseau seeking to solve in the social contract?
All of Rousseau’s philosophy is an attempt to find a solution to the problem of alienation. For Rousseau, the only thing that made humans different from animals is his free will, something constantly placed in danger whenever man enters into society.
Why was Rousseau important to the Enlightenment?
Jean-Jacques Rousseau was one of the most influential thinkers during the Enlightenment in eighteenth century Europe. His first major philosophical work, A Discourse on the Sciences and Arts, was the winning response to an essay contest conducted by the Academy of Dijon in 1750.
What were Rousseau’s views on religion and why?
Rousseau proposed that the dogmas of civil religion ought to be simple: they should affirm the afterlife, a God with divine perfection, the notion that the just will be happy and the wicked punished, and the sanctity of the social contract and the polity’s laws.
What does Rousseau mean by social contract what is he referring to?
The agreement with which a person enters into civil society. The contract essentially binds people into a community that exists for mutual preservation. Rousseau believes that only by entering into the social contract can we become fully human. …