What are the main steps of translation?

What are the main steps of translation?

Steps of Translation There are three major steps to translation: Initiation, Elongation, and Termination. The ribosome is made of two separate subunits: the small subunit and the large subunit. During initiation the small subunit attaches to the 5′ end of mRNA. It then moves in the 5′ → 3′ direction.

What is the process of translation?

Translation is the process of translating the sequence of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule to a sequence of amino acids during protein synthesis. The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of base pairs in a gene and the corresponding amino acid sequence that it encodes.

What is the second step of translation?

There are three important steps to the process of translation. There’s a beginning step, called initiation, a middle step, called elongation, and a final step, called termination.

Where does the 2nd step of protein synthesis occur?

Translation is the second step in protein synthesis. It is shown in Figure below. Translation takes place at a ribosome in the cytoplasm. During translation, the genetic code in mRNA is read to make a protein.

What is the first step of protein synthesis called?